What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a dental disease that starts as an inflammation of the gums and later spread to the jawbone. The reason is therefore untreated gum problems that have spread to deeper tissues. Slowly, severe gingivitis has resulted in the tissue that ties the teeth, has broken down and the symptoms may be that the teeth will loosen and then fall out. The toothpaste can recover after treatment, but the bracket and legs with fibers that support your teeth are lost and can not be restored. Periodontal disease is a chronic disease that develops borrowers and there will always be a risk of recurrence of the disease – especially in the absence of good oral health.
Why do I get periodontal?
Periodontal disease is a common condition in which the risk of developing the disease increases with age and lack of maintenance of oral hygiene. At the beginning of the process, gingivitis caused by bacterial accumulation in gum pockets and teeth on the gum can cause teeth loss if it is not treated the condition on time. The depth of the gums is measured with a probe to see how far a possible periodontal eruption has occurred. Bacteria attack the tooth and slowly break down the tissue attached to the jawbone. This results in the loss of a deeper chewing gum pocket, leg loss and finally a loose tooth. The more severe periodontitis, the deeper the gum pockets and the more severe bone loss. In other words, the result is that the teeth only become looser and looser and eventually fall out or need to be removed.
Factors that increase the risk of periodontitis development:
- Bad oral hygiene.
- Weakened immune system.
Systemic diseases like diabetes (diabetes).
What symptoms are associated with periodontal?
Periodontitis is a further development of gingivitis, and therefore you will experience the same symptoms as gingivitis. You will notice that the gums are swollen, inflamed, tender and reddish and may have an increased bleeding tendency during brushing and cleaning with toothpicks, dental or interdental brushes.
It is rare to detect the disease in an initial phase, since gingivitis often unnoticed develops periodontitis. In case of severe periodontitis, the gums return and visualize the tooth rot. Some people think that the teeth change in the mouth as the gum pocket becomes deep, the leg disappears and the teeth become more moveable. Inflammation can also cause bad breath. The more serious periodontal you get, the more your teeth will be exposed. Your teeth may also become more sensitive to cold, hot, sweet and sour foods and beverages, and the symptoms will feel like short sharp pains.
If you experience the above symptoms, consult your dentist so that greater damage can be prevented.
How is periodontal treatment treated?
To prevent tooth disease, periodontitis should be treated by a dentist. This is done by removing tartar and bacteria in the gum pocket, on the teeth and the tissue surfaces. Rotating surfaces are also cleaned. A local anesthetic may be necessary if the gums are sore. After treatment it is important that you maintain good oral hygiene so that dental disease does not progress. You can read more about good oral hygiene here. You can always ask your dentist or dental hygienist for advice. They can refer to the special techniques and instruments necessary for cleansing your teeth.
In some cases, the dentist can reconstruct the lost prosthesis surgically – especially if only a few teeth are affected by severe periodontitis.
In the case of very deep gums, dental surgery may be necessary to stop further development of the disease. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and does not cause discomfort afterwards.
If the teeth have been lost due to periodontitis, the production of whole prostheses is often the solution to replace lost teeth. Another solution may be implant and associated dock.
Below are pre and post pictures of a patient treated for periodontitis.
How can I prevent periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a chronic disease, so there will always be a risk of the disease coming back. This is especially true if the teeth are neglected with poor, suboptimal oral hygiene.
To prevent periodontitis you should:
Maintain a proper and good oral hygiene by following the dentist or dentist’s instructions, brushing your teeth and cleansing your teeth with toothpicks, toothpicks or midroom brushes.
Go regularly for preventive examination at a dentist or dental hygienist. They follow up the possible development of periodontitis, usually by taking more x-rays and measuring the gum pocket depth.
Get regular preventive periodontal treatment with a dentist or dental hygienist.
If you do not maintain good oral hygiene, periodontitis treatment will only serve as a procedure that reduces the rate of disease – but do not stop it. It is therefore important that you take care of your teeth and follow the guidelines the dentist gives you.