What is an implant?
- 1 What is an implant?
- 2 Why is an implant necessary?
- 3 How many teeth can an implant support?
- 4 Can everybody get implants?
- 5 What are the benefits of implant or Implant Treatment?
- 6 Normally maintained
- 7 What are the disadvantages of the implant?
- 8 Aesthetics
- 9 What can replace implants?
An implant is an artificial root of metal that is inserted into the jawbone. A crown or bridge can then be installed on top of this root, as needed. The implant is made of the titanium metal, as the titanium can grow together with the existing bone tissue and thus integrate into the jaw. The implant is attached to a pre-drilled screwhole in the jawbone, which ensures good contact between the implant and the jaw. read more about implant treatment
- The implant structure usually consists of three parts:
- The actual implant screw (fixture).
- A distance (distance) that holds the bridge, the prosthesis or the crown.
- A bridge, prosthesis or crown (supra structure).
Why is an implant necessary?
If you have lost one or more teeth of common root, gingival disease or trauma, implant treatment can replace the missing teeth.
The image shows an implant chronicle.
Before an implant can be inserted, it is necessary to do a variety of examinations. This is done to ensure that the operation can be performed well. The dentist will first assess the status of the teeth, jaw and gums. It is important that there are enough legs to turn on the implant. The implant treatment can not be performed if you suffer from gum disease or bone degradation.
Then, the dentist takes x-rays to schedule the treatment. In most cases, the survey is supplemented with a CT scan to assess the bone quality, bone density and other factors to be considered. Usually, local anesthesia is performed.
In the area where the implant is to be placed, the gums are cut and lifted to the side. Then drill a small screw hole in the jawbone where the implant is screwed into a hole in the hole and fitted with a lid screw. Sew the gums together over the implant. Once implanted in the oral cavity, it should heal and grow with the jawbone. This process takes anywhere between 6 weeks and 6 months, depending on the size of the operation and the condition of the jaw. During this period, the bone tissue grows with the new implant and creates a strong connection between the two. The implant is constructed with a microscopic rough surface that helps the leg tissue to attach. The process itself is called osseointegration. During the healing period, temporary bridges, transitional prostheses or old prostheses are inserted.
After the healing period, the gums are reopened by a minor operation, and a post (distance) is attached to the implant and provided with a crown. When the surrounding gums are healed around the temporary crown, about 4-6 weeks later, final and final restoration is done. This is screwed or cemented on the insert (distance).
The pictures show the implant treatment process.
How many teeth can an implant support?
An implant may support one or more teeth. Implants are often used to support a single tooth, also called a single implant. An implant may also serve as support for more teeth as part of a brew or prosthesis, where the exact number of implants depends on the conditions of the individual patient, ie the amount and density of bone tissue available.
In the case of a full design of the mouth, where a series of more teeth (10 or more) is to be replaced in either upper or lower jaw, at least 5-6 implants are required.
In some cases, there is not enough bone material to accommodate the implant. This is solved by a beingraft or the use of mini-implants that fits better with the conditions.
The pressure lock effect is used for smaller gas substances under prostheses. The dentist uses mini implants to support and fix the dentures (push button). The matrix (the hollow part of the pressure latch, also known as the female) is inserted into the prosthesis acrylic (plastic) and the tap (pushbutton pin) is screwed into the implant (attached) to the jaw.
Can everybody get implants?
The lower age limit for implant treatment is 18 years. Dental implants can be inserted into patients of all ages with fully developed jawbone. However, it requires that you have enough amount and bone tissue quality available. Most people who have good oral hygiene are suitable candidates for implants.
There are circumstances that exclude implant treatment or increase the likelihood that the end result fails:
Heavy smokers. When you smoke, the healing process is lowered and inhibited.
Excessive alcohol intake. Alcohol interferes with the healing of chewing gum and bone.
Gum disease. All active gum diseases should be treated before implantation to ensure long-term success. Periodontitis is a common cause of bone loss, which prevents the success of the implant.
Dentistry (bruxism). Ripping teeth increases the load on the implant, which may cause the treatment to fail.
Persons with impaired immune system. Patients undergoing radiotherapy, steroid therapy or having an autoimmune disease such as Parkinson’s disease, cancer or chronic inflammation of the muscles (myelomatosis) that prevent the possibility of successful treatment. implant
Your dentist will consider whether you are suitable for implantation. Before you start treatment, consult your dentist about the options and risks that accompany the treatment.
What are the benefits of implant or Implant Treatment?
The implant has a high durability and comes especially on the back teeth to provide a good cosmetic and functional result. For implant treatment, the following benefits may be mentioned:
Reduces bone loss
Loss of tooth causes cavity in the oral cavity. The leg in this area will slowly begin to disappear, affect and change the shape of the jawbone. An implant stimulates bone growth and prevents loss of otherwise valuable bone mineral. The implant fills the hole in the oral cavity and therefore avoids loss of bone.
The implant is integrated into your jaw and will therefore work on the same level as your natural teeth. The chewing and biting function is significantly higher than in other treatments like prostheses.
As your natural teeth, implants should be maintained using optimum oral hygiene: regular brushing and cleansing of rooms. You can read more about maintaining good oral hygiene here.
No removal of healthy tooth structure
The adjacent natural teeth require no support, grinding or alterations during implantation. The healthy tooth structure is retained.
The implant itself is not aesthetic since it is made of titanium. The aesthetics depend on the link and crown crown and how well it closes around the surrounding gums.
What are the disadvantages of the implant?
The implant treatment is a long-term process in relation to alternative treatments. If you lose any of your bones as a patient, the implant may loosen. The reason for this is usually poor oral hygiene. Read more about maintaining a good oral hygiene here.
In the case of implant treatments at the forefront, you may find that the gums are retracted slightly.
As the jaw grows through life, the implant and adjoining teeth can grow apart, which can cause a difference in the length between the natural tooth and the implant crown.
What can replace implants?
There are alternative treatments for replacing one or more missing teeth. Partial and whole dentures are a soluble solution, while bridges are a solid solution attached to the adjacent teeth.